Monday, March 17, 2014

Cyber Security News, Education and Vulnerability Report for the Week of March 17, 2014



Cyber Security News of the Week, March 16, 2014


From our friends at Citadel Information Group

Cyber Crime

Missed Alarms and 40 Million Stolen Credit Card Numbers: How Target Blew It: The biggest retail hack in U.S. history wasn’t particularly inventive, nor did it appear destined for success. In the days prior to Thanksgiving 2013, someone installed malware in Target’s (TGT) security and payments system designed to steal every credit card used at the company’s 1,797 U.S. stores. At the critical moment—when the Christmas gifts had been scanned and bagged and the cashier asked for a swipe—the malware would step in, capture the shopper’s credit card number, and store it on a Target server commandeered by the hackers. BusinessWeek, March 13, 2014
NoMoreRack.com Probes Possible Card Breach: For the second time since Aug. 2013, online retailer NoMoreRack.com has hired a computer forensics team after being notified by Discover about a potential breach of customer card data, KrebsOnSecurity has learned. KrebsOnSecurity, March 12, 2014

Cyber Privacy

NSA’s plans reportedly involve infecting millions of computers with surveillance malware: The U.S. National Security Agency has reportedly been working for the past several years on expanding its ability to infect computers with surveillance malware and creating a command-and-control infrastructure capable of managing millions of compromised systems at a time. PCWorld, March 12, 2014
Snowden Tries to Rally Tech Conference to Buttress Privacy Shields: AUSTIN, Tex. — Edward J. Snowden wants the technology industry to get serious about protecting the privacy of its users and customers. The New York Times, March 10, 2014

Identity Theft

Experian Lapse Allowed ID Theft Service Access to 200 Million Consumer Records: In October 2013, KrebsOnSecurity published an exclusive story detailing how a Vietnamese man running an online identity theft service bought personal and financial records on Americans directly from a company owned by Experian, one of the three major U.S. credit bureaus. Today’s story looks deeper at the damage wrought in this colossal misstep by one of the nation’s largest data brokers. KrebsOnSecurity, March 10, 2014

Financial Fraud

Report: Cybercriminals Bank Nearly $4 Billion On Tax Fraud: Attackers collect almost $4 billion by filing fraudulent tax returns, stealing taxpayer identities, ThreatMetrix report says. DarkReading, March 11, 2014

Cyber Warning

Experts warn of coming wave of serious cybercrime: The rash of attacks against Target and other top retailers is likely to be the leading edge of a wave of serious cybercrime, as hackers become increasingly skilled at breaching the nation’s antiquated payment systems, experts say. The Washington Post, February 9, 2014

Cyber Secrity Management – Cyber Update

Adobe, Microsoft Push Security Updates: Adobe and Microsoft today each released software updates to fix serious security flaws in their products. Adobe pushed an update that plugs a pair of holes in its Flash Player software. Microsoft issued five updates, including one that addresses a zero-day vulnerability in Internet Explorer that attackers have been exploiting of late. KrebsOnSecurity, March 11, 2014
APPLE IOS 7.1 FIXES MORE THAN 20 CODE-EXECUTION FLAWS: Apple has fixed a slew of vulnerabilities that could lead to code execution on the iPhone, along with a number of other security vulnerabilities in the latest version of its mobile operating system, iOS 7.1. The new release comes just a little more than two weeks after Apple released iOS 7.06 to fix the SSL certificate validation error. ThreatPost, March 11, 2014

Cyber Security Management – Cyber Defense

Blogs of War: Don’t Be Cannon Fodder: On Wednesday, KrebsOnSecurity was hit with a fairly large attack which leveraged a feature in more than 42,000 blogs running the popular WordPress content management system (this blog runs on WordPress). This post is an effort to spread the word to other WordPress users to ensure their blogs aren’t used in attacks going forward. KrebsOnSecurity, March 13, 2014

Securing the Village

Financial Networks Increase Collaboration To Improve Information Security: One of the types of business networks that we have previously described on this blog is Financial networks. The nodes in these networks are central and commercial banks, businesses and not-for-profit organizations, individuals and machines. Essentially, financial networks exist to move printed currency and financial instruments, as well as digital equivalents, between those nodes. Forbes, March 10, 2014

ISSA-LA

ISSA-LA Sixth Annual Information Security Summit on Cybercrime Solutions: Cybersecurity Expert Richard A. Clarke and Los Angeles County District Attorney Jackie Lacey to Keynote as well as other numerous prominent information security experts and representatives from law enforcement. PRWeb, March 12, 2014
Tevora to Sponsor the Sixth Annual ISSA Los Angeles Security Summit: Tevora is proud to announce its silver sponsorship of the Sixth Annual ISSA Los Angeles Security Summit at the Universal City Hilton, on Friday, May 16, 2014 from 7:30 am to 6:00 pm. The Information Systems Security Association (ISSA)® is a not-for-profit, international organization of information security professionals and practitioners. It provides educational forums, publications, and peer interaction opportunities that enhance the knowledge, skill, and professional growth of its members. The Information Security Summit is the most renowned event hosted by the local ISSA chapter. For more information please visit: http://www.issala.org/. Tevora, February 12, 2014

National Cyber Security

Feinstein: CIA searched Intelligence Committee computers: A behind-the-scenes battle between the CIA and Congress erupted in public Tuesday as the head of the Senate Intelligence Committee accused the agency of breaking laws and breaching constitutional principles in an alleged effort to undermine the panel’s multi-year investigation of a controversial interrogation program. The Washington Post, March 11, 2014
NSA misguided, Edward Snowden says: WASHINGTON — America’s spy agencies are so focused on ‘‘mass surveillance’’ that they have missed clues about terrorism, such as last year’s Boston Marathon bombing and an attempted attack on a jetliner on Christmas in 2009, former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden said Monday. Boston Globe, March 11, 2014
‘What does ISP mean?’ – how government officials are flunking security challenges: Policy on national security and protection is in the hands of people without critical technological understanding, warns cybersecurity expert. The Guardian, March 8, 2014

Cyber Underworld

McAfee warns of ‘Cybercrime-as-a-Service’ as hackers settle in the ‘Dark Web’: Cybercriminals are settling into a comfortable place in the “Dark Web” where they test, refine and distribute malware for online thievery. RawStory, March 10, 2014
New crimeware tool Dendroid makes it easier to create Android malware, researchers warn: A new commercial tool designed to allow cybercriminals to easily transform legitimate Android applications into malicious software has hit the underground market, paving the way for cheap and easy development of sophisticated Android malware. PC World, March 6, 2014
Chinese Government Hacking, One Year Later: A year after first issuing his landmark report titled, ‘APT1: Exposing One of China’s Cyber Espionage Units’, Kevin Mandia gave an update on the report’s aftermath. eSecurity Planet, March 3, 2014

Cyber Misc

Hackers Hit Mt. Gox Exchange’s CEO, Claim To Publish Evidence Of Fraud: The Bitcoin community has been angrily pressing for details on what the Bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox has described as a massive hacker attack that stole hundreds of millions of dollars worth of its users’ bitcoins and left the company bankrupt. Mt. Gox’s staff isn’t talking. So another group of hackers say they’ve broken into the company’s servers to provide answers of their own. Forbes, March 9, 2014
Stop Glorifying Hackers: I WAS at the Museum of Modern Art in New York not long ago, soaking in Edward Hopper’s retro downer mystique, when I got a call that opened up brave new all-night-diners of doom and gloom. The New York Times, March 8, 2014

Cyber Calander

ISSA-LA Sixth Annual Information Security Summit, May 16, Universal City Hilton. Speakers include Richard Clarke, former Assistant to the President; Jackie Lacey, Los Angeles County District Attorney; Roland Cloutier, CSO of ADP. For more information and to register, visit ISSA-LA.

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Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report, March 16, 2014


Important Security Updates

Adobe Flash Player: Adobe has released version 12.0.0.77 for its Flash Player to fix a moderately critical vulnerability. Updates are available through the program or from Adobe’s Flash Web Site.
Adobe Shockwave Player: Adobe has released version 12.1.0.150 to fix a highly critical vulnerability reported in previous versions of Shockwave Player running on Windows and Macintosh. Updates are available through the program or from Adobe’s Shockwave Web Site.
Amazon Kindle for PC: Amazon has released version 1.10.8 Build 40514 of Kindle for PC. Updates are available through the program or from the Amazon’s Kindle website.
Apple iOS: Apple  has released version 7.1 of its iOS for iPhone 4 and later, iPad and iPod touch to fix at least 26 vulnerabilities, some of which are highly critical. The update is available through the devices or through Apple’s website.
Apple TV: Apple has released version 6.1 for Apple TV to fix at least 24 highly critical vulnerabilities. Updates are available from within the program or Apple’s website.
AVG Antivirus Free Edition: AVG has released version 2014.0.4336 (32-bit) of its Free Edition Antivirus. Updates are available through the program or from AVG’s website.
Google Chrome: Google has released version 33.0.1750.149 of Chrome for Windows and Mac to fix 7 highly critical vulnerabilities. Updates are available through the program.
Microsoft Patch Tuesday: Microsoft released 5 updates addressing at least 23 security weaknesses in almost all versions of the Microsoft OS, Internet Explorer, and more. Updates are available via Windows Update or from Automatic Update.
Opera: Opera has released version 20.0.1387.77. Updates are available from within the browser or from Opera’s website.

Current Software Versions

Adobe Flash  12.0.0.77 [Windows 7: IE]
Adobe Flash  12.0.0.77 [Windows 7: Firefox, Mozilla]
Adobe Flash  12.0.0.77 [Windows 8: IE]
Adobe Flash  12.0.0.77 [Macintosh OS X: Firefox, Opera, Safari]
Adobe Reader 11.0.06
Dropbox 2.6.2 [Citadel warns against relying on Dropbox security. We recommend files containing sensitive information be independently encrypted with a program like Axcrypt; encryption keys be at least 15 characters long; and the Dropbox password be at least 15 characters long and different from other passwords.]
Firefox 27.0.1
Google Chrome 33.0.1750.149
Internet Explorer 11.0.9600.16518 [Windows 7: IE]
Internet Explorer 11.0.9600.16384 [Windows 8: IE]
Java SE 7 Update 51 [Citadel recommends removing or disabling Java from your browser. Java is a major source of cyber criminal exploits. It is not needed for most internet browsing. If you have a particular web site that requires Java, Citadel recommends using a two-browser approach to minimize risk. If you normally browse the Web with Firefox, for example, disable the Java plugin in Firefox and use an alternative browser — such as Chrome, IE9, Safari, etc — with Java enabled to browse only the sites that require it.]
QuickTime 7.7.5
Safari 5.1.7 
Safari 7.0.2 [Mac OS X]
Skype 6.14.0.104

Newly Announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities

D-Link DIR-600 Wireless Router: Secunia reports an unpatched vulnerability in D-Link’s DIR-600 Wireless Router in firmware versions 2.16WW and prior. No official solution is currently available.
D-Link DSL-2640U Wireless Router: Secunia reports an unpatched vulnerability in D-Link’s DSL-2640U Wireless Router in firmware versions 1.0.24W and prior. No official solution is currently available.
For an updated list of previously announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities, please see the resources section of Citadel’s website.

For Your IT Department

Cisco Intelligent Automation for Cloud: Secunia reports an unpatched security issue in Cisco’s Intelligent Automation for Cloud in versions 9.4.1 and prior. Other versions may also be affected. No official solution is currently available.
McAfee Cloud Identity Manager: Secunia reports that McAfee has released an update for its Cloud Identity Manager to fix unpatched a moderately critical vulnerability in previous versions. Upgrade to version 4.0.1.
McAfee Cloud Single Sign On: Secunia reports that McAfee has released an update for its Cloud Single Sign On (formerly McAfee Cloud Identity Manager) to fix a moderately critical vulnerability in previous versions. Upgrade to version 4.0.1.
McAfee Multiple Products: Secunia reports that McAfee has released a partial fix for its Email Gateway and Email and Web Security Appliance to address vulnerabilities reported in Email Gateway versions 7.0, 7.5, and 7.6 and Email and Web Security Appliance version 5.6. Apply patch if available.
McAfee Web Gateway: Secunia reports that McAfee has released updates for its Web Gateway to fix a vulnerability in previous versions. Update to version 7.4.1 or 7.3.2.6.
VMware ESXi: Secunia reports that VMware has released an update to fix a vulnerability. Apply patch if available.
VMware vCenter Server: Secunia reports that VMware has released updates for its VCenter Server to fix at least 51 vulnerabilities, some of which are highly critical. Apply 5.5 Update 1.
VMware vCenter Server Appliance: Secunia reports that VMware has released updates for its VCenter Server Appliance to fix a vulnerability. Apply update.
VMware vSphere Update Manager: Secunia reports that VMware has released updates for its VSphere Update Manager to fix at least 51 vulnerabilities, some of which are highly critical. Apply 5.5 Update 1.
If you are responsible for the security of your computer, Citadel’s Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report is for you. We strongly urge you to take action to keep your workstation patched and updated.
If someone else is responsible for the security of your computer, forward our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to them and follow up to make sure your computer has been patched and updated.
Vulnerability management is a key element of cyber security management. Cyber criminals take over user computers by writing computer programs that “exploit” vulnerabilities in operating systems (Windows, Apple OS, etc) and application programs (Adobe Acrobat, Office, Flash, Java, etc). When software companies find a vulnerability, they usually issue an update patch to fix the code running in their customer’s computers.
Citadel publishes our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to alert readers to some of the week’s important updates and vulnerabilities. Our focus is on software typically found in the small or home office (SOHO) or that users are likely to have on their home computer. The report is not intended to be a thorough listing of updates and vulnerabilities.
Copyright © 2014 Citadel Information Group. All rights reserved.


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