Monday, October 13, 2014

Cyber Security News, Education and Vulnerability Patch Report for the Week of October 13, 2014

Cyber Security News of the Week


Cyber Crime

Malware Based Credit Card Breach at Kmart: Sears Holding Co. late Friday said it recently discovered that point-of-sale registers at its Kmart stores were compromised by malicious software that stole customer credit and debit card information. The company says it has removed the malware from store registers and contained the breach, but that the investigation is ongoing. KrebsOnSecurity, October 10, 2014
Dairy Queen Latest to Suffer Customer Card Hack: Ice cream and fast food chain Dairy Queen is the latest retailer to reveal a hack of its customer data. ABC News, October 9, 2014
Hackers’ Attack Cracked 10 Financial Firms in Major Assault: The huge cyberattack on JPMorgan Chase that touched more than 83 million households and businesses was one of the most serious computer intrusions into an American corporation. But it could have been much worse. The New York Times, October 3, 2014

Cyber Privacy

1,000 a day ask Google to scrub web: Google is being swamped with requests from Europeans trying to erase unflattering links to their past from the world’s dominant internet search engine., October 10, 2014
Thousands of Snapchat images may have been hacked via a third-party image-saving service: The database of a Snapchat image-saving service — not associated with Snapchat itself — has allegedly been hacked, and the hackers have claimed on 4chan that they will make hundreds of thousands of Snapchat users’ private images and videos available in a searchable database. GigaOm, October 10, 2014
We Want Privacy, but Can’t Stop Sharing: IMAGINE a world suddenly devoid of doors. None in your home, on dressing rooms, on the entrance to the local pub or even on restroom stalls at concert halls. The controlling authorities say if you aren’t doing anything wrong, then you shouldn’t mind. The New York Times, October 4, 2014

Financial Cyber Securty

Cash machine hackers have made ‘millions’ with Tyupkin malware: Criminals have made millions of dollars by physically installing malware on cash machines across the world, Interpol and security company Kaspersky have warned. The Guardian, October 8, 2014
Obama Had Security Fears on JPMorgan Data Breach: President Obama and his top national security advisers began receiving periodic briefings on the huge cyberattack at JPMorgan Chase and other financial institutions this summer, part of a new effort to keep security officials as updated on major cyberattacks as they are on Russian incursions into Ukraine or attacks by the Islamic State. The New York Times, October 8, 2014

Identity Theft

AT&T Customers Information Security Breach: Offers Apology and One Year’s worth of Free Credit Monitoring Services to Customers: AT&T the telecommunications company is in the news for security breach of its customers. An employee working in the company was the cause for this illegal act putting the company in a tight spot. However, AT&T has come forward with an apology to its customers and is also offering one year’s free credit monitoring services to those who may have been victims of this illegal act. An insider had illegally accessed personal information of its subscribers which include account information along with their social security numbers and driver’s license information. An unspecified number of AT&T accounts were believed to have been affected by this offence. This incident occurred in the month of August 2014. International Business Times, October 8, 2014
Huge Data Leak at Largest U.S. Bond Insurer: On Monday, KrebsOnSecurity notified MBIA Inc. — the nation’s largest bond insurer — that a misconfiguration in a company Web server had exposed countless customer account numbers, balances and other sensitive data. Much of the information had been indexed by search engines, including a page listing administrative credentials that attackers could use to access data that wasn’t already accessible via a simple Web search. KrebsOnSecurity, October 7, 2014
Ways to Protect Yourself After the JPMorgan Hacking: The numbers are shocking: Personal information from 76 million households may have been compromised as part of the cyberattack on JPMorgan Chase. That is the equivalent of two out of every three households in the United States, though a small portion of those affected may be overseas. The New York Times, October 3, 2014

Cyber Warning

‘iWorm’ malware controls Macs via Reddit, more than 17K affected: Security researchers recently discovered that more than 17,000 Macs around the world have been infected by a new OS X malware threat called “iWorm,” which at one point used as a go-between to cull user data, perform various system actions and execute Lua scripts. AppleInsider, October 3, 2014

National Cyber Security

What The United States Can Learn From Israel About Cybersecurity: Two weeks ago, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced the creation of a new cyber defense authority to defend Israel’s civilian networks. This is the latest in a series of steps taken by Israel’s government to bridge the public-private cyber divide and bolster the country’s position as a global leader in cybersecurity. Forbes, October 7, 2014

Cyber Underworld

Only 100 cybercrime brains worldwide says Europol boss: There are only “around 100″ cybercriminal kingpins behind global cybercrime, according to the head of Europol’s Cybercrime Centre. BBC, October 10, 2014

Cyber Misc

Signed Malware = Expensive “Oops” for HP: Computer and software industry maker HP is in the process of notifying customers about a seemingly harmless security incident in 2010 that nevertheless could prove expensive for the company to fix and present unique support problems for users of its older products. KrebsOnSecurity, October 9, 2014
Cyber crime: First online murder will happen by end of year, warns US firm: Governments are ill-prepared to combat the looming threat of “online murder” as cyber criminals exploit internet technology to target victims, the European policing agency warned. In its most alarming assessment of the physical danger posed by online crime, Europol said it expected a rise in “injury and possible deaths” caused by computer attacks on critical safety equipment. The Independent, October 5, 2014

Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report, October 12, 2014

Important Security Updates

Dropbox: Dropbox has released version 2.10.39 for its file hosting program. Updates are available at Dropbox’s website. [See Citadel's warning below]
Google Chrome: Google has released Google Chrome version 38.0.2125.101 for Windows, Mac, and Linux to fix at least 13 unpatched vulnerabilities, some of which are highly critical, reported in previous versions. Updates are available from within the browser or from Google Chrome’s website.
Google Chrome for Android: Google has released version 38.0.2125.102 of Google Chrome for Android to fix a vulnerability reported in previous versions. Updates are available through the device.
Google Chrome for iOS Facetime: Google has released version 38.0.2125.59 of Google Chrome for iOS Facetime to fix a moderately critical vulnerability reported in previous versions. Updates are available through the device.
KeePass: KeePass has released version 1.28 of its open source password manager. Updates are available from the KeePass website.
Skype: Skype has released Skype Updates are available from the program or Skype’s website.

Current Software Versions

Adobe Flash [Windows 7: IE]
Adobe Flash [Windows 7: Firefox, Mozilla]
Adobe Flash [Windows 8: IE]
Adobe Flash [Macintosh OS X: Firefox, Opera, Safari]
Adobe Reader 11.0.09
Dropbox 2.10.39 [Citadel warns against relying on Dropbox security. We recommend files containing sensitive information be independently encrypted with a program like Axcrypt; encryption keys be at least 15 characters long; and the Dropbox password be at least 15 characters long and different from other passwords.]
Firefox 32.0.3
Google Chrome 38.0.2125.101
Internet Explorer 11.0.9600.17280
Java SE 7 Update 67 [Citadel recommends removing or disabling Java from your browser. Java is a major source of cyber criminal exploits. It is not needed for most internet browsing. If you have a particular web site that requires Java, Citadel recommends using a two-browser approach to minimize risk. If you normally browse the Web with Firefox, for example, disable the Java plugin in Firefox and use an alternative browser — such as Chrome, IE9, Safari, etc — with Java enabled to browse only the sites that require it.]
QuickTime 7.7.5
Safari 5.1.7 
Safari 7.1 [Mac OS X]

Newly Announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities

For an updated list of previously announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities, please see the resources section of Citadel’s website.

For Your IT Department

Cisco Multiple Products: Secunia reports Cisco has released updates for WebEx, Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA), IOS XR , and others. Apply available updates.
McAfee Email and Web Security Appliance: Secunia reports at least 6 moderately critical unpatched vulnerabilities in McAfee’s Email and Web Security Appliance reported in version 5.6 patch 5. Other versions may also be affected. No official solution is currently available.
McAfee Multiple Products: Secunia reports McAfee has released updates for Email Gateway, Next Generation Firewall (NGFW), Web Gateway, Firewall Enterprise Control Center to fix at least 6 highly critical vulnerabilities reported in previous versions. Update to a fixed version or apply hotfix.
McAfee SSL VPN: Secunia reports at least 6 highly critical vulnerabilities in McAfee’s SSL VPN (formerly Stonesoft SSL VPN reported in version 1.5.204. Other versions may also be affected. No official solution is currently available.
VMware vSphere: Secunia reports VMware has released an update to vSphere to fix at least 6 moderately critical unpatched vulnerabilities reported in previous versions. Upgrade to version 2.0 and apply patch.
If you are responsible for the security of your computer, Citadel’s Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report is for you. We strongly urge you to take action to keep your workstation patched and updated.
If someone else is responsible for the security of your computer, forward our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to them and follow up to make sure your computer has been patched and updated.
Vulnerability management is a key element of cyber security management. Cyber criminals take over user computers by writing computer programs that “exploit” vulnerabilities in operating systems (Windows, Apple OS, etc) and application programs (Adobe Acrobat, Office, Flash, Java, etc). When software companies find a vulnerability, they usually issue an update patch to fix the code running in their customer’s computers.
Citadel publishes our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to alert readers to some of the week’s important updates and vulnerabilities. Our focus is on software typically found in the small or home office (SOHO) or that users are likely to have on their home computer. The report is not intended to be a thorough listing of updates and vulnerabilities.
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