Monday, November 24, 2014

Cyber Security News, Education and Vulnerability Patch Report for the Week of November 24, 2014




Cyber Crime

Detroit Mayor Duggan: Detroit database held for ransom: Detroit — Mayor Mike Duggan detailed Monday how Detroit has been victimized by cyber crimes, including how a city database was frozen in April and held for ransom. The Detroit News, November 17, 2014
Link Found in Staples, Michaels Breaches: The breach at office supply chain Staples impacted roughly 100 stores and was powered by some of the same criminal infrastructure seen in the intrusion disclosed earlier this year at Michaels craft stores, according to sources close to the investigation. KrebsOnSecurity, November 17, 2014
Phishing Attack Leads to Title Firm Breach: Title insurance and mortgage services provider Fidelity National Financial is notifying an unspecified number of customers that their personal information may have been accessed by hackers, after its employees were compromised by a phishing attack. BankInfoSecurity, October 30, 2014

Cyber Privacy

Privacy push means free encryption for websites: Secure network connections protect people against snooping and criminals, but it’s a hassle for websites. Mozilla, Cisco, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and others want to change that. CNet, November 18, 2014
Facebook: You post it, we can see it, and that’s that: Facebook lets its users control whether other people can see the information they post, but when it comes to controlling what Facebook itself gets to see, privacy-conscious users are out of luck. PCWorld, November 14, 2014

Cyber Warning

Now e-cigarettes can give you malware: E-cigarettes may be better for your health than normal ones, but spare a thought for your poor computer – electronic cigarettes have become the latest vector for malicious software, according to online reports. The Guardian, November 21, 2014
‘Sophisticated’ Android malware hits phones: Hundreds of thousands of Android phones have been infected with malware that uses handsets to send spam and buy event tickets in bulk. BBC, November 21, 2014
Hackers post webcam, security camera, baby monitor video online: A child playing in Bucheon, South Korea. An empty crib in Absecon, New Jersey. Cattle feeding in Behamberg, Austria. Footage from more than 100 countries is being streamed from bedrooms, office buildings, shops, laundromats, stables and barns. CBC News, November 20, 2014

Cyber Security Management

Mobile: How to Say ‘Yes’ Securely: When Amazon recently announced the pending release of its Android-based Kindle Fire, pre-sales hit 95,000 orders in a single day. How many of these new mobile devices will end up in the workplace when the Kindle Fire hits the streets on Nov. 15? BankInfoSecurity, October 4, 2011

Cyber Security Management – Cyber Defense

Privacy advocates release free ‘Detekt’ tool that finds surveillance malware: A free tool released Thursday allows users to scan their computers for surveillance malware that has been used in attacks against journalists, human rights defenders and political activists around the world. PCWorld, November 20, 2014
Why Cyber Security Starts At Home: Even the grandmas on Facebook need to know and practice basic security hygiene, because what happens anywhere on the Internet can eventually affect us all. DarkReading, November 17, 2014

Cyber Security Management – Cyber Update

Microsoft patches critical Windows Server vulnerability: Microsoft has released an out-of-band update, designated MS14-068, to address a critical vulnerability in server versions of Windows, including Server Core. ZDNet, November 18, 2014

National Cyber Security

Steptoe Cyberlaw Podcast, Episode #43: An Interview with Ambassador Daniel Sepulveda: Our guest this week is Amb. Daniel Sepulveda, the man charged with managing the U.S. relationship with the International Telecommunications Union. The ambassador helps us make sense of the recent ITU meeting in Busan, South Korea, where efforts to validate a greater government role in internet affairs seem to have been turned back for another four years. Markham Erickson, a Steptoe partner specializing in internet law, also joins regulars Jason Weinstein, Michael Vatis, and me. LawFare, November 21, 2014
State Department Targeted by Hackers in 4th Agency Computer Breach: The State Department on Sunday became the fourth government agency to announce a breach of its computer systems in recent weeks, after an infiltration forced the agency to temporarily shut down its unclassified email system and public websites. The New York Times, November 16, 2014

Critical Infrastructure

NSA chief admits China could cripple U.S. power grid, financial networks: China and “probably one or two” other countries could shut down critical computer networks that could force U.S. power and water grids, aviation systems, and financial services offline. ZDNet, November 20, 2014
Hackers attacked the U.S. energy grid 79 times this year: In fiscal year 2014, there were 79 hacking incidents at energy companies that were investigated by the Computer Emergency Readiness Team, a division of the Department of Homeland Security. There were 145 incidents the previous year. CNN, November 18, 2014

Cyber Misc

Anonymous hackers to Ferguson police: ‘We are the law now’: Hackers with the group, Anonymous, sent a stark message to police in Ferguson, as well as to Ku Klux Klan members assembled at the scene, to be on guard — that any injuries to protesters will be duly noted. The Washington Times, November 21, 2014

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Important Security Updates

Apple iOS: Apple has released version 8.1.1 of its iOS to fix at least 5 highly critical vulnerabilities, a weakness, and security issues reported in previous versions. The update is available through the devices or through Apple’s website.
Apple OS X: Apple has released updates for OS X to fix highly critical weaknesses and vulnerabilities. Update to version 10.10.1. Updates are available from Apple’s website.
Apple TV: Apple has released version 7.0.2 for Apple TV to fix at least 2 highly critical vulnerabilities. Updates are available through the device or Apple’s website.
AVG Free Edition: AVG has released version 2015.0.5577 of its 32 bit Free Edition. Updates are available on AVG’s website.
Google Chrome: Google has released Google Chrome version 39.0.2171.65 to fix at least 13 vulnerabilities, some of which are highly critical. Updates are available from within the browser or from Google Chrome’s website.
Opera: Opera has released version 25.0.1614.71 to fix moderately critical unpatched vulnerabilities. Updates are available from within the browser or from Opera’s website.
Skype: Skype has released Skype Updates are available from the program or Skype’s website.

Current Software Versions

Adobe Flash [Windows 7: IE]
Adobe Flash [Windows 7: Firefox, Mozilla]
Adobe Flash [Windows 8: IE]
Adobe Flash [Macintosh OS X: Firefox, Opera, Safari]
Adobe Reader 11.0.09
Dropbox 2.10.50 [Citadel warns against relying on Dropbox security. We recommend files containing sensitive information be independently encrypted with a program like Axcrypt; encryption keys be at least 15 characters long; and the Dropbox password be at least 15 characters long and different from other passwords.]
Firefox 33.1.1
Google Chrome 39.0.2171.65
Internet Explorer 11.0.9600.17420
Java SE 8 Update 25 [Citadel recommends removing or disabling Java from your browser. Java is a major source of cyber criminal exploits. It is not needed for most internet browsing. If you have a particular web site that requires Java, Citadel recommends using a two-browser approach to minimize risk. If you normally browse the Web with Firefox, for example, disable the Java plugin in Firefox and use an alternative browser — such as Chrome, IE9, Safari, etc — with Java enabled to browse only the sites that require it.]
QuickTime 7.7.6
Safari 5.1.7 
Safari 7.1 [Mac OS X]

Newly Announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities

For an updated list of previously announced Unpatched Vulnerabilities, please see the resources section of Citadel’s website.

For Your IT Department

Cisco Multiple Products: Secunia reports Cisco has released updates for IOS, Unified Communications Manager, and others. Apply patches.
Microsoft Kerberos: reports that Microsoft has released an update for Kerberos to fix critical vulnerabilities in Kerberos protocol. Additional details are available from Microsoft’s website.
If you are responsible for the security of your computer, Citadel’s Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report is for you. We strongly urge you to take action to keep your workstation patched and updated.
If someone else is responsible for the security of your computer, forward our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to them and follow up to make sure your computer has been patched and updated.
Vulnerability management is a key element of cyber security management. Cyber criminals take over user computers by writing computer programs that “exploit” vulnerabilities in operating systems (Windows, Apple OS, etc) and application programs (Adobe Acrobat, Office, Flash, Java, etc). When software companies find a vulnerability, they usually issue an update patch to fix the code running in their customer’s computers.
Citadel publishes our Weekend Vulnerability and Patch Report to alert readers to some of the week’s important updates and vulnerabilities. Our focus is on software typically found in the small or home office (SOHO) or that users are likely to have on their home computer. The report is not intended to be a thorough listing of updates and vulnerabilities.
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